featuring traditional Arnhem Land music
AUSTRALIA on YouTube.
Dozens of video clips showcasing some of Arnhem Land's
most talented yirdaki and mago players. If you like
what you hear, you can
purchase the instrument being played! A must for anyone
interested in practicing
traditional playing techniques.
DHAWU MIWATJNGURUNYDJA -
A wonderful site with yirdaki tutorials and Yolngu cultural information. The site has many video clips of Yolngu discussing cultural issues surrounding the yirdaki and also clips of
yirdaki playing by Djalu Gurruwiwi, Milkayngu Mununggurr and many others.
and videos featuring traditional Arnhem Land music
OF THE SEA COAST.
Director: Charles P. Mountford. MCML - An Australian National
Film Board Production. 19 minutes. Records of the 1948 Arnhem
Land Expedition, sponsored by National Geographic Society
and Smithsonian Institution of America, and the Commonwealth
of Australia. This was filmed at Yirrkala, mostly around
the beach and creek. Lots of footage of kids playing and
swimming but also some footage of turtle hunting, bark canoe
construction and shelter construction. There is also a brief
bit of bunggul - just young kids playing yidaki and dancing.
Mawalan Marika appears on a few occasions - mainly paddling
a canoe when turtle hunting. His young son Wandjuk also
makes an appearance with the children - he makes some sand
drawings on the beach of fishing scenes and he's in the
background when the kids are singing and dancing and playing
1999. Gaia Films. 28 minutes. Features South Western Arnhem
Land didjeridu playing. Includes scenes of hunting and painting
with David Blanasi, and Blanasi singing and playing sticks
in a funeral ceremony, while didjeridu is played by Tom
Kelly. Also included are excerpts of a North Central Arnhem
Land Morning Star ceremony in Ramingining, with Bobby Bununggurr.
EYLANDT MUSIC AND DANCE,
1969. Director: Alice Moyle. AIATSIS. Film made for study
of Wanindilyaugwa (Groote Eylandt) and Nunggubuyu (Numbulwar)
music and dance. Continual song and dance with well played
didjeridu. Includes close-ups on the players.
1987. Director: Michael Pearce. FGH. 92 minutes. Contains
a "corroboree" scene, featuring Wandjuk Marika.
1983. Director: Phillip Kaufman. The Ladd Company, distributed
by Warner Brothers. 193 minutes. Contains a brief scene
in the Australian desert, with David Gulpilil speaking and
dancing, Wandjuk Marika looking coy, and a nighttime song
and dance scene with yidaki.
OF ARNHEM LAND,
2000. Director: John Moore. Film Australia. 55 minutes.
The tale of important Australian anthropologist Donald Thomson.
Includes a brief excerpt from a ceremony at the 1999 Garma'
Festival, when message sticks transported and collected
by Thomson were given to members of the Djapu clan.
1980. Director: Kim McKenzie. AIATSIS. 57 minutes. Frank
Gurrmanamana prepares final rites for his deceased brother.
Takes place not far east of Maningrida, Northern Central/Western
THE GREEN ANTS DREAM ,
1984. Director: Werner Herzog. Wenrer Herzog Filmproduktion
and Zweites Deutches Fernsehen (ZDF), USA distribution by
Orion Classics. 100 minutes. Contains Rirratjingu clan members
in song and dance, and several segments with Wandjuk Marika
series of 22 films shot by Ian Dunlop, mostly during the
1970's, at the invitation of various Yolngu and centred
around Yirrkala and its associated outstations. The films
explore the issues and struggles facing the Yolngu at that
time. A major focus of the content of the films is the examination
of various aspects of ceremonial life and what non-Yolngu
refer to as the 'arts'. Only those films containing traditional
music are listed here.
Time Now 1974-76 (1996) 54 mins. Contains around
30 mins of manikay including yidaki. Features Banapana
Maymuru, Yikaki (both Manggalili) & Bunbatjiwuy on yidaki,
Mithili (Marrakulu), Birrkitji Gumana (Dhalwangu), Yama
Munungguritj & Watjung (both Gumatj).
a Long Time Ago 1974 (1996) Director: Ian Dunlop,
Film Australia. 20 minutes. Filmed in 1974. Munggurrawuy
Yunupingu sings and plays bilma, describing the current
goings and referring to Macassans while painting of
a hollow log continues, and Daymbalipu Mununggurr interprets
Funeral 1974 (1996) Director: Ian Dunlop, Film Australia.
54 minutes. Documents a funeral ceremony featuring Marrakulu,
Djapu and Rirratjingu songs and clansmen, including
notables Dundiwuy Wanambi, Daymbalipu Mununggurr, Wandjuk
Marika and Roy Dadaynga Marika. Continual song, dance,
bilma and yidaki, including a ceremonial high-pitched
in the Rain 1972-74 (1996) 53 mins. Contains a few
minutes of a ritual washing ceremony (Djapu) featuring
Wandjuk & Dadaynga Marika (Rirratjingu), Mungurrawuy
Yunupingu (Gumatj), Gatjil Djerrkura, Djirin.
Ceremony at Yirrkala 1972 (1996) Director: Ian Dunlop,
Film Australia. 91 minutes. Excerpts from the several
weeks of song and painting leading up to the ceremonial
circumcision of a group of young boys. Continual song,
dance, yidaki and bilma throughout.
House Opening 1971 (1996) Director: Ian Dunlop,
Film Australia. 35 minutes. Filmed in 1971. A ceremonial
reopening of a house that had been closed due to the
passing of a resident. Subject matter is Wititj, Olive
Python, seemingly presided over by Galpu clan members,
including Monyu Gurruwiwi (Djalu's father) and Rirratjingu
clan members. Continual song and dance with yidaki and
Ceremony 1971 (1996) Director: Ian Dunlop, Film
Australia. 15 minutes. A purification/healing ceremony
performed by Djapu clansmen, including yidaki, bilma,
and singing by well known elders such as Maw' and Djiriny
Mununggurr. Dove and other bird songs are featured,
with the accompanying vocal coo-ing.
for this Land 1970-71 (1996) Director: Ian Dunlop,
Film Australia. 43 minutes. Filmed in 1970-1971. Short
excerpts of song and dance, and video of a yidaki being
painted, are included in this film which primarily deals
with the issues of change in Yirrkala at the time of
the building of the bauxite mine and town of Nhulunbuy.
with Dundiwuy 1970-82 (1996) Director: Ian Dunlop,
Film Australia. 50 minutes. Interviews with Dundiwuy
Wanambi and other Marrakulu clan members between 1970
and 1982. Early on in the film, a couple of songs are
played over a few drinks in the Walkabout Hotel bar.
At Gurka'wuy 1976 (1989) Director: Ian Dunlop,
Film Australia. 233 minutes. Excerpts from several days
of ceremony based around the Wawilak Sisters. Members
of Rirratjingu and Marrakulu clans are particularly
featured, such as Dundiwuy Wanambi, Wandjuk Marika and
Roy Dadaynga Marika. Includes use of a ceremonial high-pitched
drone pipe. Video is in Parts 1-5 (only available in
believe in it - We Know it's True 1982 (1986) 46
mins. Filmed both in Yirrkala and at the outstation
of Wandawuy (Djapu clan land) and features a Madarrpa
funeral ceremony with Madarrpa, Munyuku, Djapu and Gumatj
participants (Gumatj are mari; mother's mother for Madarrpa).
Features Gambali and his brother Dula Ngurruwuthun (Munyuku)
Daymbalipu Mununggurr (Djapu) and Matjuwi Burarrwanga
(Gumatj). 24 mins of music. A very young Mandawuy (known
at that time as Bakamana)Yunupingu (Gumatj) is also
to be seen as an educator.
Man's Response 1971 (1986) Director: Ian Dunlop,
Film Australia. 54 minutes. Filmed in 1971. Contains
excerpts of a performance by the children of the Yirrkala
school, including Brolga played on yidaki, and a dance
with yidaki and percussive vocal noises. More prominently
featured are excerpts from a day long memorial ceremony
hosted by Narritjin Maymurru. Kingfisher songs are highlighted.
are the Landowner 1982 (1985) 39 mins. 3:45 mins
of Madarrpa bunggul at the end.
Memory of Mawalan 1971 (1983) Director: Ian Dunlop,
Film Australia. 92 minutes. Filmed in 1971. Documents
the memorial ceremony Wandjuk Marika initiated for his
father Mawalan. Continuous vocals, bilma, and dance
dramatizing the Djangka'wu Sisters' travels. No yidaki.
in Canberra 1978 (1980) 40 mins Filmed at the Australian
National University, Faculty of Arts, Canberra. Only
2:40 mins of Manggalili manikay at the end. Features
Narritjin and Banapana Maymuru (Manggalili) Howard Morphy,
John Mulvaney and 'Nugget' Coombes.
at Djarrakpi Parts 1 and 2 1974 (1980) 95 mins.
Just 3:40 mins of manikay performed by Narritjin Maymuru
(Manggalili) and his son Banapana. A bamboo yidaki is
to be seen and heard briefly in Part 1. Also shows a
few minutes of burning out the bore in the creation
of a softwood 'tourist didjeridu' in Part 2.
Funeral at Gurka'wuy 1976 (1978) Director: Ian Dunlop,
Film Australia. 88 minutes. Filmed in 1976. Madarrpa
and Gumatj songs are particularly important in this
2 day funeral ceremony held for a small child. Narritjin
Maymurru, Daymbalipu Mununggurr, Dundiwuy Wanambi, Yama
Mununggurritj, and many others are featured. Continual
singing and bilma, and lots of yidaki and dance. Heron
and crocodile songs are featured, as well as a yellow
ochre ceremony. The book "Journey to the Crocodile's
Nest" by Howard Morphy gives considerable detail
about the ceremony.